June 20th 2017: Record number of refugees announced. 65.6M
Refugee issues and who refugees are are big subjects, and to explain everything would take much more than a single page on a website. Some of our team have spent twenty years in the field and are still learning!
You can get a solid foundation of what the matter actually entails by learning a few basic facts and ideas.
That's why we made this.
What is a refugee?
A refugee is a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster. Most likely, they cannot return home or are afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries.
Why is this a big deal?
In 2000 the world saw just over 20,000,000 people displaced. Today, due to conflict, persecution and resource scarcity, that number is over 65,600,000. Children make up 50% of this number. Due to climate change, that number is expected to grow to over 230,000,000 people in the next 30 years.
All of these people did nothing to deserve being uprooted from their homes.
Where are refugees coming from? Where are they going?
You may be familiar with the fact that lots of refugees are coming from Syria, but they're also coming from all over the world: Afghanistan, Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Somalia, Iraq, Burma, Bhutan, Eritrea, El Salvador, Venezuela, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iran, Russia, Colombia, Honduras, Guatemala, Cuba, Vietnam, Nepal, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, and more.
The NYTimes has an excellent interactive map that shows this vividly.
In Numbers (Updated as of 2016)
There are 65.6 million displaced people in the world.
- 22.5 million are refugees
- 40.3 million are displaced in their own country
- 2.8 million are seeking asylum
Where do the refugees come from?
- Syria: 5.5 million (plus 6.3 million internally displaced)
- Afghanistan: 2.5 million
- South Sudan: 1.4 million
- and more
Who is hosting the refugees?
- Turkey: 2.9 million
- Pakistan: 1.4 million
- Jordan: 1.4 million
- Lebanon: 1 million
- Iran: 979,4000
- Uganda: 940,800
- Ethiopia: 791,600
Why do I keeping hearing so much about Syria?
Due to a civil war, there are currently more refugees from Syria than anywhere else in the world (~5M), but the refugee issue is one that has been affecting our world for decades before this particular war.
Why are refugees and terrorism so often in the same sentence?
Refugees are often escaping persecution and conflict that is caused by terrorism. Naturally, this means they sometimes come from countries that are affected severely by terrorism, and it's far easier to generalize a whole class of people than it is to recognize that people that come from places with terrorism are not the same as terrorists.
Refugees who are being resettled through government agencies go through rigorous background checks that take years to complete.
Why is it important to reach out and engage new arrivals?
In the past few years, fear stoked by anti-refugee rhetoric has created an unwelcoming environment to those who are our future neighbors. This lack of local inclusion causes social isolation and a disconnection from society. In the most extreme cases, neglected newcomers are susceptible to more extreme views.
What kinds of people are refugees anyway?
Over half of refugees are under the age of 18. Most of them are women and children, and they are just like you — students, musicians, lawyers, etc.. In fact, some of them are Olympic athletes, famous musicians and writers. Remember Einstein? Yeah, he was a refugee.
Some organizations work to pair refugees with people who share a similar trade to help them build connections.
Here’s a series on VICE that was curated by young refugees across Europe.
How can I connect with refugees near me?
If you're in the USA, you can reach out to your local resettlement agency to get involved. Here’s a list of them with contact information, made by Hello Neighbor. There are even more local resources that are searchable by state on the Office of Refugee Resettlement's site here.
If you live outside the USA and have another database that you'd like for us to list here, please email it over to firstname.lastname@example.org